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Esperanto At a Glance


The Alphabet:


A B C Ĉ D E F
G Ĝ H Ĥ I J Ĵ
K L M N O P R
S Ŝ T U Ŭ V Z


Every letter has only one sound and is always pronounced. Accent is always on the next- to-last syllable. All consonants are pronounced as in English except:

C as "ts" in "bits"

Ĉ as "ch" in "church"

G as in "get"

Ĝ as "j" in "jet"

H as in "hat"

Ĥ as "ch" in "loch"

J as "y" in "yes"

Ĵ as "s" in "measure"

R is trilled as in Spanish. Think of señorita or burrito.

S as in "said"

Ŝ as "sh" in "shed"

Ŭ as "w" in "water"

Vowels are always pure, never diphthongs as is common in English. They are pronounced as follows:



A as in "father"

E as in "get"

I as in "machine"

O as in "mote"

U as "oo" in "boot"



The parts of speech are formed by adding endings to root words.

O is the noun ending
     instruisto (teacher)
adjectives end in A
     new = nova
J is added to form plurals direct object adds N
Inteligentaj personoj lernas la internacian lingvon.

(Intelligent people learn the international language.)

Esperanto havas facilajn regulojn.

(Esperanto has easy rules.)

The ending of an adjective always agrees with the ending of the noun
that it modifies.


Verb endings


Infinitive Present Past Future Imperative Conditional
I AS IS OS U US
vidi vidas vidis vidos vidu vidus
to see sees saw will see see! would see

The ending is the same regardless of number or gender.


Adverbs
end in E.

    e.g.  libere (freely)


Numbers :


1 unu 5 kvin 9 naŭ
2 du 6 ses 10 dek
3 tri 7 sep 100 cent
4 kvar 8 ok 1000 mil

Examples:

12 dek du

278 ducent sepdek ok

by Robert L. Read

Contact us / Kontaktu Nin

Contact Us / Kontaktu Nin: eusa@esperanto-usa.org

Landa Kongreso * 2016 July 8 - 11 * Annual Congress

EO Esperanto: La Landa Kongreso okazos en Miamio, FL, Usono, 2016 julio 8-11.
Por aliĝi, vidu: Aliĝilo

EN English: The Annual US Esperanto Congress will be in Miami, FL, USA, 8 - 11 July, 2016.
To sign up, see: Registration

NASK * 2016 jun 28 - jul 7 * Summer Courses

EO Esperanto: La bonega kursaro NASK - Nord-Amerika Somera Kursaro okazos de la 28-a de Junio ĝis la 7-a de Julio ĉe Raleigh, Norda Karolino, ĉe la Universitato William Peace. Por vidi pli da detaloj aŭ aliĝi, kalketu ligilon NASK kaj KTF.

EN English: The excellent North American Esperanto Summer Courses (NASK), will be happening from June 28 to July 7, at William Peace University, in Raleigh, North Carolina. To see more details or sign up, click on NASK and KTF.

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